Sunday, August 23, 2020

King free essay sample

Answers: a Mrs. Whittaker discussing Charlie and Betty; b Wilma Patterson discussing Mrs. Whittaker and Nat; c Nat discussing Tom Whitaker; d Nat discussing Tom Whittaker to Charlie; e Jackie and Nat discussing Annie; f Tom writing to Annie about Jackie; g Nat conversing with Jackie about Charlie and Betty; h Betty, Charlie and Jackie discussing Nat. 7. Tell understudies that Nat Marble is the private agent managing the Whittaker case. Get some information about private specialists. What do they do? How would they act? Inquire as to whether they have perused any books (e. G. By Raymond Chandler) r Seen any movies or TV arrangement (e. . Philip Marrow, Mike Hammer). Put them two by two to make arrangements of the qualities of these private examiners and whatever else they think about them. 8. Request that understudies read the citations about Nat Marble in Extracts 3 and choose (a) how close what he says and does is to their own thoughts of a private examiner, and (b) what kind of individual he is by all accounts. We will compose a custom exposition test on Lord or on the other hand any comparative subject explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page Answers: (an) open (b) poor (I. E. He has no cooling, utilizes open transportation), messy, lives alone, eats severely, for the most part dresses gravely, doesnt use taxis, has contacts for data, he Ares about individuals/has a social conscience.Based on what they have found out about Nat Marbles character and activities in the story, request that understudies compose an element on him for the Daily News. 5. Ask them which individuals they think may be associated with the spots depicted. Cambridge English Readers O Cambridge University Press 2009 www. Cambridge. Organization/let/perusers PHOTOCOPIED slant 4 Summary of Chapters 1-?4 Characters High Life, Low Life begins when Nat Marble, a private examiner, spares a vagrant called Annie Clayton, when she has a cardiovascular failure in the street.He as known Annie for quite a while and when he visits her in medical clinic she says she needs him to discover her child Jackie whom she hasnt seen for a long time, and to bring her a legal advisor with the goal that she can keep in touch with her will. Nat Marble: New York private agent The account of Nat helping Annie shows up in the paper, alongside his photo, and after that he gets a letter from Mrs. Joanna Whittaker the rich widow of Tom Whittaker, a plane financier. She has chosen to make her will out in Gnats favor since he resembles her dead spouse, and she is alienated from her own youngsters, Charlie and Betty. Wilma Patterson: a legal counselor Extracts 1 d Mrs. Joanna Whittaker: a rich widow Charlie Whittaker: Mrs.. Whittaker child Betty Osborne: Mrs. Whittaker girl Jackie Robinson Clayton: Annie Claytons child Tom Whittaker: Mrs. Whittaker dead airplane head honcho spouse Ernest Washman: criminal, imagining he claims a taxi business Extracts 2 W?eve lived in the city, Leona said. l can let you know, its more secure underground. Everybody knows each other here. In the event that a more abnormal comes, we think about it. The metro laborers know us. They disregard us. Leona began moving heaps of dark plastic bags.Underneath was an old metal box with a lock. Checked out the room which was brimming with excellent asses furniture. Nothing had been changed for quite a long time and felt like I was in an old Hollywood film. The person behind the work area looked as though he hadnt dozed, washed or shaved for a considerable length of time. He smelled far more detestable than me. He lit a cigarette at that point hacked for an entire fifteen seconds. At last he had the option to talk. The Chelsea Arms lodging had encountered more promising times. Presently it just resembled some other modest lodging. The floor was grimy white Stone in the anteroom. A person was dealing with the PC, behind the window at the gathering desk.There was another large person sitting at a table inverse the front counter. He was clearly there in a tough situation. Inside the lift, it was all dull wood, thick covers and mirrors. On the off chance that this was only the lift, envision what the condos resembled. Annie Clayton: a vagrant Do you have any family? asked Stella. A child and a girl. They dont live in the city. Id like to see a greater amount of them. Particularly the grandkids, however She needs it all [her money] to go to you. She read about you in the papers. Says you help her to remember her late spouse Says she couldnt think about an express individual to leave everything to. De proceeded to disclose to me that [the man] tried sincerely and played hard. Much after he was hitched he messed with other ladies. It wasnt an upbeat marriage . l trust appearance is the main thing I share with your dad So mothers been on the road this time? he inquired. Since the time she last observed you in a cell, I said. I can never be a genuine dad to the youngster. Heres some cash to help with food and garments. What's more, something for what's to come. Keep these stock authentications. One day they may be worth very much of cash. What's more, that is not all Youve got family.A apathetic and stepsister upstate. They live h Finally, marry all prefer to state an exceptional thank you to the man whose difficult work made this all conceivable. Without him, we may never have met. Concentrates 3 b After leaving the NYPD, I turned into a private examiner. Despite the fact that dont get that much cash-flow, Im my own chief and I dont need to take orders from anyone. I like it as such. Most workplaces in the structure had their own cooling. Mine didnt, so it was hot and awkward. New York private agents dont ordinarily utilize open transportation. Be that as it may, Im extraordinary. GFor once, I looked brilliant. Had gotten into a perfect shirt and my great coat, which was simply again from the cleaners. Left and took the number seven train home to Queens. Couldnt eat a great part Of the takeout dinner got starting from the diner the square. Meandered over to McFadden Bar on Second Avenue. The typical horde of Daily News columnists was there I required data and knew only the person who could help - ? De Winchester. Felt both miserable and furious as I put down the telephone. Tragic for the individuals who needed to experience their lives in the city. Irate about the general public that put them in the city.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Electric Generator free essay sample

In power age, an electric generator is a gadget that changes over mechanical vitality to electrical vitality. A generator powers electrons in the windings to course through the outside electrical circuit. It is to some degree comparable to a water siphon, which makes a progression of water however doesn't make the water inside. The wellspring of mechanical vitality might be a responding or turbine steam motor, water falling through a turbine or waterwheel, an inside ignition motor, a breeze turbine, a hand wrench, packed air or some other wellspring of mechanical vitality. The opposite change of electrical vitality into mechanical vitality is finished by an electric engine, and engines and generators have numerous likenesses. Actually numerous engines can be precisely headed to create power, and much of the time make worthy generators. Jedliks dynamo Main article: Jedliks dynamo In 1827, Hungarian Anyos Jedlik began trying different things with electromagnetic turning gadgets which he called electromagnetic self-rotors. We will compose a custom article test on Electric Generator or on the other hand any comparative theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page In the model of the single-post electric starter (completed somewhere in the range of 1852 and 1854) both the fixed and the rotating parts were electromagnetic. He planned the idea of the dynamo in any event 6 years before Siemens and Wheatstone yet didnt patent it as he suspected he wasnt the first to understand this. Basically the idea is that rather than changeless magnets, two electromagnets inverse to one another actuate the attractive field around the rotor. It was likewise the disclosure of the guideline of self-excitation. [1] ] Faradays plate Faraday circle, the primary electric generator. The horseshoe-molded magnet (A) made an attractive field through the circle (D). At the point when the circle was turned this initiated an electric flow radially outward from the middle toward the edge. The current streamed out through the sliding spring contact m, through the outer circuit, and go into the focal point of the circle through the pivot. In the long periods of 1831â€1832, Michael Faraday found the working rule of electromagnetic generators. The rule, later called Faradays law, is that an electromotive power is created in an electrical conveyor that encompasses a differing attractive transition. He likewise constructed the main electromagnetic generator, called the Faraday plate, a kind of homopolar generator, utilizing a copper circle turning between the shafts of a horseshoe magnet. It delivered a little DC voltage. This structure was wasteful because of self-dropping counterflows of current in districts not affected by the attractive field. While current was prompted straightforwardly underneath the magnet, the current would circle in reverse in areas outside the impact of the attractive field. This counterflow limits the force yield to the pickup wires and incites squander warming of the copper plate. Later homopolar generators would take care of this issue by utilizing a variety of magnets orchestrated around the circle edge to keep up a consistent field impact in one current-stream heading.

Thursday, July 9, 2020

Food Insecurity and Poverty in the U.S. - Free Essay Example

Even though the poverty rate is slowly going down and the median income is going up, millions of Americans earn an income low enough that they are forced to worry about being able to afford enough food to sufficiently feed their families. This includes families whose average income doesn’t even fall below the poverty line, and people who face varying systemic barriers affecting their ability to have food security and earn a living wage. In the last year, around forty-million Americans earned less than $25,100. That is considered to be the poverty line for an American family of four. This makes it extremely evident that there are still families who find it difficult to afford their necessities, who unfortunately are a part of the ten-million food-insecure people of the United States who earn incomes that are too high to be considered eligible for SNAP or WIC assistance. It is outrageous that over forty-million people live with the worry that they won’t be able to sufficiently feed their families. Included in the forty-million people living below the poverty line, are over twelve-million children who shouldn’t have to go to school hungry. The American people need to paid a better living wage so that they don’t have to constantly live in fear. This disadvantage is even greater among those who are facing systemic barriers preventing them from earning an appropriate income, including those with a disability, households run by single mothers, and those living in rural areas. In America, the poverty rate is twice as high among those with a disability, totaling four million people, households run by single mothers are two and a half times more likely to live with food insecurity, and for the past four years, higher food insecurity has been found in rural households than in urban ones. This can be seen in the graph presented on page two, which shows us that the highest number of food-insecure households are mainly in the South at 43%, followed by the Midwest with 22%, the West with 21%, and the Northeast with 15%. In addition to this, certain racial groups are more affected than others. Although 50% of food-insecure households are white, they represent only 1 in 11 American households, compared to the much more frequent 1 in 5 A frican American and 1 in 6 Latino households who report food insecurity. The census bureau has started to account for the number of people who were protected from poverty with the help of the Supplemental Poverty Measure, which incorporates the aid received through federal programs including Social Security, SNAP benefits, and EITC and child tax credits. Social Security prevented an estimated twenty-seven million people from falling below the poverty line, while EITC and child tax credits with eight million, and SNAP benefits with three million. The Supplemental Poverty Measure is also supposed to measure by including the impact of significant expenses, such as medical expenditures, but there are still eleven million people living in poverty due to withstanding medical expenses. American citizens shouldn’t have to worry about their ability to pay their bills if they get sick. America needs a more comprehensive healthcare system. Evidence clearly suggests that federal programs like Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, and SNAP programs work to protect families from facing these burdens. We must ensure that our government doesn’t weaken the strength of these federal programs and the aid they provide, and educate our population on the ways that can build their household stability, like enrolling in health insurance. We must also make the people who are in higher need a priority, like communities of color, seniors, single-parent households, and those with disabilities. We can do our part by donating food to one of the 200 food banks or 60,000 food pantries or meal programs established all over the country. Feeding America leads the fight in educating the public about the nations hunger problem and advocating for protective legislation, but we as citizens also need to fight to ensure our government is striving to keep people from going hungry.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Written or Oral Contracts - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 7 Words: 2092 Downloads: 7 Date added: 2017/09/18 Category People Essay Type Argumentative essay Tags: Relationship Essay Did you like this example? Employment is a relationship between an employers and employees. This relationship is extremely important, as it becomes a part of our daily life. Aside of being a professional relationship, in many cases it becomes a personal and expressive one. In todays work place, if the conditions of employment are excellent, and the employees are treated with fairly, it is more likely that they will be pleased, and their productivity will increase. However if the environments in the work place are poor or not suitable, we will have the total opposite results. To avoid any complications or misunderstandings between employers and employees, this relationship is governed by rules and laws. The basis of these rules is the ESA (Employment Standards ACT), of which the human resource managers and top management should be fully aware of. In the unionized world, the negations of a collective agreement will clarify all the specifics between management and employees. In the non-unionized world, these specifics are controlled in an employment contract, weather this contract is of a fixed-period of time or indefinite. When a vacancy is created, by a shortage of employees or market demand, the management will try to fill this position(s) with the best qualified person(s) for the job. In order to do this, the management must consider the changes in the marketplace, which helps the management hire the best qualified amongst the applicants. Job description is a written list of duties that the company expects it employees to perform. This will help the employer to follow up on the performance of the employees. This way if an employee is performing to the specific requirements outlined by the job description, may be a subject for discipline. However an excessively specific list of duties can have an opposite result, for example if a management delegates a duty not specified in the job description he/she may face a liability for constructive dismissal. In order to avoid thes e consequences, an employer may add that the job could include additional duties. When the vacancy is created, the management may choose to redefine and update the job description according to the companys need, without being in violation of constructive dismissal. In this phase, there are important issues to be discussed. The first issue is the monetary or remuneration offered to the selected person. This includes salaries, bonuses, benefits, pension plan, employee discounts, etc. In defining the pay level, the employer must be careful to follow the guidelines of the law when it comes to pay equity to both men and women performing the same job. They also should be aware of the minimum rate of pay set by the government of each province. The next stage is to determine the conditions of the employment. The employer can offer the hired person a written or oral contract for an indefinite period of employment. Another option is a fixed period contract, at the end of which the emplo yer has the choice of renewal or termination without any legal consequences. The employer must consider all the options that are beneficial to the company. He/she have the option to hire and independent contractor to do the job. After the managers have made their decision about the job description, remuneration and the terms of employment, they will be ready to advertise for the position. In the managements efforts to advertise for hiring new employees, the managers, must be careful not to use words prohibited by the Human Right Legislation. They should also try to reach different groups of applicants. These prohibited grounds are: race, sex, sexual orientation, color, ethnic origin, place of origin, disability, religion, age, marital or family status. Managers should know that the Ontario Human Rights Commission states that employment should be based on the applicants ability and not on other factors. Once the managers have understood all the requirements of the job and all the restrictions imposed by the Human Rights Commission can go ahead and draft the application forms. During the application and interview stage, the management is able to ask potential employees to provide them with information of any health problems. The management can inquire of any reason that might prevent an employee to perform his/her duties. If the employer would like to go into medical testing, they should wait until the decision to hire the person is made. Testing should only be performed in direct relevance to the job performance. Hiring the employer is now ready to offer the successful candidate a position with the organization. Both mployer and employee should set out the standards of their employment relationship. Before the new employee starts, the employer should set the specific duties that can help to enforce variable issues in the relationship. Before an employer hires an employee they should keep in mind the potential minefields that can be avoided. When hiring a new employee you must make sure that the new employee does not have an existing employment contract with his/her current employer. This will help ensure that you will not be liable for any legal action against you for inducting breach of contract. In cases where an inducing breach of contract occurs, the former employer will have to prove that the current employer acted deceitfully or in bad faith. The current employee must have a valid argument against the claim. The current employer will have a defense if they can prove that by hiring the new employee they acted bona fide and in the best interest of the company. Negligent Misrepresentation when hiring a potentially new employee you are obligated to explain what is expected of the job they are being hired for as well as the nature of the job. If false statements or inaccurate statements are made that would mislead the potential employee to believe otherwise about the nature of the job in his/her interest and he/she suffers d amages, the employer is at legal risk. Employers should consider the possible legal risks involved when guaranteeing a potentially new employee a better position when hired while they are currently employed. If the employee leaves their current job in expectation of having a better job with the new employer based on the facts that they were promised a greater position or pay etc. and the new employer does not follow through, the employer may be at legal risk for damages caused by alluring and enticing the new employee. Employers can minimize legal risk by having what the job specifications and what it has to offer clearly in writing in the contract. They should also recommend that the new employee acquire legal advice before accepting terms of employment. Takes place when an employer or employee decides not to go with the employment contract. Legal risks can be minimized in the situations of anticipatory breach of contract, if in the contract specifies, that due to a ertain event or events the contract may be broken, the employer or employee then will not be held liable if such events were to take place. There are two types of contracts when engaging into an employment relationship, written and unwritten. A written contract will give the employer a level of security when discussing reasonable notice terms as well as the expectations and duties to be performed my the new employee. An unwritten contract of employment is still a legally binding agreement of employment. In cases of dispute it will be up to the court to decide what the terms of employment were. When drafting a new contract there are two essential requirements, consensus and consideration. If one or both do not exist a contract is not valid. The contract should consist of the parties names, the date that the contract begins, the specification of what the job requirements are and the nature of the job, and the period of the employment contract. Once the drafting is complete the employer will discu ss the terms of employment. Two main types of terms are fixed and indefinite periods. If the employer decides on a fixed period of employment he/she must also consider if they want to renew the contract at the end of the period. If the employer states that the contracts is indefinite, this means that the employer is giving an opportunity to his/her employees to stay with the company as long as they wish providing that they comply with the terms of employment. The term of employment should also state the termination and severance pay. The performance review benefits both the employer and employee. These reviews should be conducted every so often to evaluate the employees strengths and weaknesses. All evaluations should be conducted in a fair and truthful manner. This is essential to both the employer and the employee because it lets the employee know what areas to improve on. This is an essential tool for the employer because if he/she sees no change with the employee in the ar eas the employee were lacking in, a may provide a reason for dismissal. When conducting a salary review the employer should keep in mind that it should be performed separately from performance review. The employer at no time is obligated to grant regular salary increases, unless it is agreed upon in the employment contract. On the other hand pay decreases cannot breach the employment contract as well. If a pay decrease were to take effect, the employee must be given reasonable notice. In cases were a fixed term contract ends and the employer continues to employ the employee without renewal the original contract will lapse. This can cause a problem to the employer when it comes to such decisions as termination or severance pay as they now may have to provide more notice sine they now are being governed by the common law. If an employee is hired based on an indefinite period he/she may dismissed at any time without cause as long as the employer gives notice of termination or pay in lieu of notice. If an employee is hired based on a fixed term, the relationship is ended at the end of the contractual terms. If the employee is terminated or dismissed before the contract has ended, the employer is at legal risk for breach of contract. Reasonable notice is given to employees, to allow them to find an alternative employment. The amount of notice is based on the characteristics of the employment, length of service, age, availability of employment opportunities, and inducement to join organization. When there is just cause to dismiss an employee, reasonable notice is not needed. The employees conduct must have essentially breached the employment contract. Example of such a breach would be: serious misconduct, habitual neglect of duties, incompetence, etc. In cases were just cause is a direct result of a single act; the act must be that of serious nature such as stealing, fraudulent conduct, lying to the employer, etc. Situations were just cause for termination was a result of buildup of less serious incidents, the employer must have gave the employee warning for dismissal so that    the employee has a chance to improve. When an employee is dismissed as a result of habitual negligence of duty such as constant absenteeism and lateness, the employer has just cause to terminate as long as the employee was given several warnings. Incompetence on the other had is the lack of skill, ability, knowledge or qualifications to perform the employment obligations. As mentioned previously once again the employer must give the employee a warning and a chance to improve before dismissing them. Wrongful dismissal occurs when the employer terminates the employee without just cause, without reasonable notice, or if the employee has been constructively dismissed. In all situations the employer is at legal risk by the employee. If legal action is taken against the employer, the employee may be entitled to the following: the amount of salary he/she woul d have received as part of reasonable notice, benefits the employee would have been entitled to during the notice period, other damages for losses, and punitive damages if the employer acted in bad faith. In conclusion, employers or managers should consider all areas of employment law when beginning new employment relationships to minimize legal risks. Employers must remember that the onus of proof is on them to show, that the employee breached the employment contract. When potentially dismissing employees, employers must be positive that there is just cause for termination and their judgment is based on either breach of contract or poor job performance rather than personal differences. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Written or Oral Contracts" essay for you Create order

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

John Steinbeck s Of Mice And Men - 1916 Words

Loneliness is a powerful yet important emotion we experience in our human nature. Without having the need to commit a single action, being on our own reveals our deepest desire to love and to also be loved but whilst the feeling is universality known, not even the strongest of humans can completely avoid which can often bring the feelings of shame and weakness when an individual does admit they are feeling alone and that is what Of Mice and Men showcases as it explores various characters and their paths to adjust to insurmountable loneliness that was faced during The Great Depression. Written by American author, John Steinbeck and inspired by the economic recession during the early 1930’s, Of Mice and Men tells the story two migrant†¦show more content†¦Their intentions of securing a better future for the both of them revolved around a fantasy based dream that was nothing more than a means to escape the economic hardships and surging poverty that constantly faced work ers like them. Glorified greatly and continually by one of the stories’ protagonists George Milton, the story’s plot showcased that the dream was unrealistic and irrational as well as making it extremely unlikely for the men to afford even the most basic human rights. The author embeds the symbol of the dream farm that is heavily mentioned by George and Lennie, which later proves that the hope for a sanctuary was nothing more than a mirage, overshadowed by the seductive nature of the dream which lures both the characters and the reader, deceiving them into believing that a paradise where all men are masters of their own lives and have protection from the cruelties of the outside world is possible. The story was heavily influenced by the notorious economic event The Great Depression affecting millions of people during the 1930’s and the complex ideals of The American Dream which shares the tale of George and Lennie, a pair of migrant

Social Research on Health

Questions: 1. Examine why this health issue is more of a problem in the particular community at risk compared to others?2. How do the rates of disease or the health condition differ for the population you chose compared to the overall U.S. population? 3. Discuss how different factors influence this health problem? Answers: Problem Cancer is associated with the abnormal and uncontrolled growth of the cell in the particular tissues of the body. When cancer occurs in the breast, then it is termed as breast cancer. A breast is consists of glands, connective tissues, and ducts. The common kinds of breast cancers are associated with ductal carcinoma and lobular carcinoma including uncommon breast cancer as inflammatory breast cancer. In ductal carcinoma, the cancer cells are spread into other portion of the breast tissue from a ductal cell line. Lobular carcinoma only found in breast lobules. The visible changes associated with breast cancer includes redness in the breast skin, the formation of new lumps that results in swelling and pain in some areas ( The biological reason for the breast cancer is concerned with changes in the breast cancer genes namely BRCA1 and BRCA2. Factors that increase the risk of breast cancer are radiation therapy treatment, family history of breast cancer, previous history of breast diseases. In the United States, the second common cancer occurs is breast cancer. Studies have shown that every year in an average of 230,000 new cases of breast cancer in women being registered in the US. Most of the breast cancer occurs in the women who are 50 years old or above. But recently 11% of new cases are associated with the women younger than 45 years of age ( Breast cancer is a crucial health issue for Asian-American women, and it is the most commonly diagnosed cancer type among them. It is also the leading cause of the death of Filipino women. Adaptation of Western lifestyle may be the key reason for the high rate of breast cancer ( 1. Community at Risk The occurrence of breast cancer is higher in Asian-American women. It has found that the Japanese-American women are very much prone to have the highest breast cancer rate among other Asian-American. Asian American women get the breast cancer more frequently compare to the other Asian counterparts. Studies have shown the women who are migrating from the native land to the United States are developing the risk of having breast cancer six times higher. The Asian women are reported with lowest breast cancer incidents but the Asian women who have spent about one decade in America have 80 percent higher rate of breast cancer compare to the new immigrants. In the case of some Filipino American subgroups the breast cancer has become a leading cause of death. If the breast cancer monitored at the early stages, then it can offer a chance of survival. But the Asian American women are least interested in performing a mammogram. Compare to other racial groups the Asian American women have the lo wer participation rate in the self examination of breasts. Considering the example of Chinese Asian American, it has found the in China the occurrence of breast cancer in women is 18.7 among 100,000 people but in the United States, the rate is 55 per 100,000 people. Researchers have highlighted the reason for the increased rate of breast cancer is an adaptation of Western lifestyle. Intake of any particular type of food regularly in the diet is another cause of increasing breast cancer rate. The western food habit affects the estrogen receptors in the breast that result in tumor formation, and it results in 90 percent increase in breast cancer rate. The western dietary habit may contain some ingredients that increase the mutation rate to DNA and results in hormonal function change to altered cell proliferation. Apart from the Western lifestyle habit the community is facing the problem of increased rate of breast cancer due to irregularity in menstruation cycle, overweight problem, lower physical activity, and smoking and drinking habit (Wen et al., 2014). 2. Health Statistics As stated by DeSantis et al. (2014), the rate of breast cancer is different in the Asian American women compare to the overall United States population. It has found that the breast cancer rate in African American women is relatively high among the women who are less than 45 years of age, but the rate is comparatively lower than Asian American women. African American community is less likely to get proper health care, and that result in the long lasting breast cancer problem. Comparison with Latino community has revealed that the occurrence of breast cancer in women is almost same that of the Asian American community. But the death rate is comparatively low in the Latino American community. The community is prone to breast cancer due to unaware about the healthy lifestyle and prevention measures of the disease. American Indian and Alaska Natives have the least rate of breast cancers, and the death rate is also very low compare to the Asian American. One major cause for this is that a majority of American Indian have no access to the health facilities. Breast cancer is also prominent in the Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander women but the rate of occurrence vary between different women groups. The tumor in Hawaiian women found at later age compares to Asian American women. The overall breast cancer statistics of US has shown that the incidence of breast cancer is 127.8, and the rate of death due to the disease is 25.5. The Asian American women have the rate of breast cancer 89.0 per 100,000 and the death rate due to this cancer is 12.6 per 100,000. However, the White women community has the highest rate of having breast cancer 132.5 per 100,000 women in the United States ( 3. Influencing Social Factors There are various factors like culture, immigration, gender, disability, socioeconomic that are responsible to influence the healthy well-being of individuals in Asian American community. Each community has their cultural interest, and North America is having the population of various Asian communities like Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Indian, Indonesian, Laotian, etc. These groups are growing at a faster rate. Asian American community usually faces problems to establish their cultural identity in the American cultural society. And thus, they often chose to adopt the Western culture. That makes the Asian people vulnerable to breast cancer (Gomez et al., 2014). As mentioned already, the Asian American community is comprised of several races, which brings their cultural aspects and different disease history. The disease history of several races contributes to the formation of breast cancer. The breast cancer is common in women rather than men. Breast cancer is quite rare in men. It has reported that every year 2,300 new cases of breast cancer found in men (Gomez et al., 2012). A large portion of immigrants in the United States are from Asian countries. Researchers have indicated that the immigration results in health access problems. Illegal immigrants avoid the health facilities of the US due to the fear of discovery. Asian Americans with disabilities are very much prone to the breast cancers. The problem of obesity plays a key role in promoting cancer more (Vasireddy, 2016). As stated by Gomez et al. (2013), sexual orientation is another parameter that determines the rate of breast cancer. It has found that the lesbians are less prone to have breast cancer. The occurrence of breast cancer rate is higher if the parents have a record of breast cancer. The Asian American communities have 20% breast cancer inherited from the parents. Socioeconomic condition of the community restricts the individuals to access the health facilities (Jabson Bowen, 2014). The individuals with low earning suppose to get poor health care coverage in the Asian American community. Thus, the people of the community avoid the regular health checkups ( Recommendations The exact cure of the breast cancer in not known yet. But there are several things that can reduce the risk of breast cancer. The Asian American women have to follow the breast cancer screening tests regularly. It is mandatory to record the mammogram data at regular intervals. Mammogram data will help to recognize the early stages of the breast cancer for which proper treatment is available. Two common tests for the breast cancer screening are- Mammogram which is a safe low-dose x-ray examination to find out changes in the breasts. Individuals need to record the mammogram data in every 1-2 years. Asian American women need to follow the physicians advice to perform the first mammogram before the age of 40 (Yaghjyan et al., 2013) Clinical breast exam refers to the routine check up for detecting formation of lumps or other unusual things. Apart from the screening test, the Asian American women have to concern about the health status. The people need to maintain the body weight under normal parameter and maintain a healthy diet consists of vegetables and fruit and avoid drinking alcohol (Oztunc et al., 2013). If an individual keeps physically active by regular exercise, then it will reduce the risk of breast cancer. The Asian families having children need to breast feed the children for a long period to reduce the risk. It is also recommended to the Asian American women to avoid the estrogen-blocking drugs and give up smoking. Studies have found that menopausal hormone replacement therapy increase the rate of breast cancer. Therefore, it is mandatory to avoid the replacement therapy and use hormonal gels for safer use. Furthermore, the women who have removed both breasts have a lesser risk of 90 percent to have breast cancer. So the prophylactic surgery is the appropriate option to avoid the minimal risk of breast canc er. References CDC Works 24/7. (2016).Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 22 March 2016, from Comprehensive Cancer Information. (2016).National Cancer Institute. Retrieved 22 March 2016, from DeSantis, C., Ma, J., Bryan, L., Jemal, A. (2014). Breast cancer statistics, 2013.CA: a cancer journal for clinicians,64(1), 52-62. Gomez, S. L., Glaser, S. L., Horn-Ross, P. L., Cheng, I., Quach, T., Clarke, C. A., ... Satariano, W. A. (2014). Cancer research in Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander populations: accelerating cancer knowledge by acknowledging and leveraging heterogeneity.Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers Prevention,23(11), 2202-2205. Gomez, S. L., Noone, A. M., Lichtensztajn, D. Y., Scoppa, S., Gibson, J. T., Liu, L., ... Goodman, M. T. (2013). Cancer incidence trends among Asian American populations in the United States, 19902008.Journal of the National Cancer Institute,105(15), 1096-1110. Gomez, S. L., Press, D. J., Lichtensztajn, D., Keegan, T. H., Shema, S. J., Le, G. M., Kurian, A. W. (2012). Patient, hospital, and neighborhood factors associated with treatment of early-stage breast cancer among Asian American women in California.Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers Prevention. Home Page - Office of Minority Health (OMH). (2016) Retrieved 22 March 2016, from Jabson, J. M., Bowen, D. J. (2014). Perceived stress and sexual orientation among breast cancer survivors.Journal of homosexuality,61(6), 889-898. National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health. (2016) Retrieved 22 March 2016, from Oztunc, G., Yesil, P., Paydas, S., Erdogan, S. (2013). Social support and hopelessness in patients with breast cancer.Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention,14(1), 571-578. Vasireddy, S. (2016). Factors affecting breast cancer a study of socio economic profile of a patient in hospital setting. Wen, K. Y., Fang, C. Y., Ma, G. X. (2014). Breast cancer experience and survivorship among Asian Americans: a systematic review.Journal of Cancer Survivorship,8(1), 94-107. (2016) Retrieved 22 March 2016, from Yaghjyan, L., Colditz, G. A., Rosner, B., Tamimi, R. M. (2013). Mammographic breast density and subsequent risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women according to the time since the mammogram.Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers Prevention,22(6), 1110-1117.

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Plastic Surgery for Medical Reasons free essay sample

There were 14. 6 million cosmetic plastic surgery procedures performed in 2012 alone (Minimally). People are getting plastic surgery for psychological needs. Some people may need it because of low self-esteem, depression, society, and more. People may go to the extreme and may commit suicide because of how people make fun of them; this is where plastic surgery can be a solution. There are many benefits to getting plastic surgery and the safety of these procedures has increased. There are many different types of plastic surgery, why people get it, what choices you should make, an ncrease in how many people get it, and the psychosocial need of getting surgery. Plastic surgery refers to surgical correction or restoration of a form of function to change the appearance of ones body or characteristics. There are many different types of plastic surgery that surgeons do to make people feel better about themselves. Below I have listed some of the different types of surgeries that people have that are the most common. We will write a custom essay sample on Plastic Surgery for Medical Reasons or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Abdominoplasty, also known as a tummy tuck, makes the abdomen area firmer. Blepharoplasty reshapes the upper or lower eyelid. Breast augmentation, breast reduction and breast lift to enlarge, reduce and reshape the breasts. Buttock augmentation is to either lift or enlarge the buttocks through inter section of implants. Chemicals are used to improve and smooth the facial skin that is affected by acne, pock, scars, or wrinkles. Face-lifts to minimize the wrinkles by removal of excess facial skin. Liposuction is to remove the fat from different parts of the body, typically from the abdomen, buttock and thighs. Rhinoplasty is to reshape he nose and otoplasty is to reshape the ear; mostly to bring them closer to the head. Chin augmentation is to reshape the chin using implants and cheek augmentation to reshape the cheekbones using implants (Types). There are many different types of surgeries you can have done, but its not only minimal to surgeries. This decision is personal to make of ones well being for these types of procedures. People become more proud of whom they are after they have fixed their body part that they wanted altered. People need to be confident in their looks. These procedures are for altering ones looks; they need to feel better about the way they look. A lot of people tell you that there are so many complications that can go wrong, but really they are Just trying to scare you out of getting surgery. There are complications, but they are very rare because of technology these days. Plastic surgery has been increasing because of the need to fit into society. The result of looking in the media about getting plastic surgery is that we are more image conscious. We look at models and actresses and elebrities and many people want to look like them; this is a sign of society showing that good and looks are a sign of success. In the earlier years it wasnt an issue that people needed to look thin and pretty to be liked. The lower cost of surgery gives more options for people who want plastic surgery; they can get it because its price is reduced. One of the biggest reasons people want plastic surgery is because it is available and because they can get it. In the future I can still see plastic surgery increasing in growth over the years. To get educated on what procedure you want to do, look at books, read articles, and talk to specialists. The surgeon my give you a brief explanation on what these complications are. Decide on a surgeon you want to they have done in the past that is the same procedure you are about to do. Plastic surgery has been so open to society because many celebrities are open to talk about it. If there werent consistent, good, predictable results, we wouldnt be doing the surgery. Plastic surgery is increasing yearly, whether its minor or major types of surgery. The greater the number of times a plastic surgeon does a procedure, the greater the chance he is more likely to perfect what he will be reconstructing on people. I think technology has improved as well, how it has become safer. The rates from 2011 to 2012 have increase by five percent. In 2012 there were 14. 6 million plastic surgery procedures done, including the minimally invasive procedures. The American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASAP) has calculated the statistics on the three different types of surgeries. Cosmetic minimally invasive procedures increased six ercent, with more than 13 million procedures in 2012. The top five procedures were botulinum toxin type A, soft tissue fillers, chemical peel, laser hair removal, and microdermabrasion. The cosmetic surgical procedures had about 1. 6 million procedures in 2012. The top five procedures were breast augmentation, nose reshaping, eyelid surgery, liposuction, and face-lift. Reconstructive plastic surgery, which improves function and appearance to abnormal structures, has increased one percent in 2012.